A well in Hudabiya

At the time of making the truce agreement at Hudabia, Muslims had camped in such a rocky place where there was no water. Though there was an abandoned well that was lying dry for a long time. Holy Prophet (PBUH), giving an arrow to Najiya, said, “Take this arrow and get down in this well and plant it in the center of it bottom.” As soon as the arrow was planted there, water started gushing in the well.

Banu Saad’s Well

A delegation of Banu Saad Bin Hazeem came to see Holy Prophet (PBUH), when he was camping at Tabauk and submitted, “O the Prophet of God! Water in our well is about to exhaust and we fear that the people of our tribe would disperse in search of water in this summer. Pray to God that water in the well may not exhaust.” Holy Prophet (PBUH) asked for few pebbles and rubbed them in his hand and giving them to an elderly person of that delegation said, “Put these pebbles turn by turn in that well saying Bismillah.”People of Banu Saad taking the pebbles went back and put those pebbles in the well as were told. As soon as they dropped the last pebble in the well the water raised in the well never to let any one complaining for dearth of water in that well.

On the way to Tabauk

There was a natural spring in a rock of the Valley of Mushqaq coming in the way to Tabauk. The water of that spring was so little that only three persons could quench their thirst from it. Holy Prophet (PBUH) sent a word that water from that spring be not used till he arrives there. But, the Hypocrites reached there before him and wasted all the water of that spring only to create a trouble for the wayfarers. When Holy Prophet (PBUH) reached there and was informed that all the water of the spring has been drained out. He got down from his camel and putting his hand under that rock prayed. The spring gushed out and water started flowing from it.

Water-skin remains full

Once during their journey in the hot desert companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) told him that their water store has exhausted and they were thirsty. Before Holy Prophet (PBUH) could say something, Ali (RA) and others saw a woman carrying two water filled skins on her camel. They asked her that how far is the water from there. She replied that it is at a distance of a journey of one day. Ali (RA) took that woman to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) who asked for a bowel. Took out some water in that bowel from the skin, prayed and poured that water of the bowel back into the water skin and told the companions to drink from those water skins. All the companions drank water and also filled their buckets from the water skin, but the water in that skin was not lowering. Water skins remained full as before. The wonder struck woman watched all that with amazement. When every one had quenched his thirst, Holy Prophet (PBUH) told them to see her off giving some dates to her.Water is such a liquid that can expand and shrink. Water, whether it is in a cup, bowel tumbler, bucket, pitcher, stream, river and cannal or in an ocean, it can expand or shrink as much as it may deem it proper.Role of water in every life has been estimated to be three out of four parts. Ordinarily it is considered that water flows downwards but contrary to its tendency it rises up to eighty feet in a palm and coconut tree only to gather in a coconut shell. When it becomes violent it washes down the entire city with its flooding.Since the day of the creation of the earth oceans have changed their places many a time. Where there is dry land now, there was water flowing once and where there is an ocean now, there were inhabitations once. According to the expert geologists, at many places the oceans are advancing towards the dry land. Many islands have submerged and many submerged lands are surfacing. According to the scientists the surface of the earth is moving. It has molten rocks underneath.This molten liquid called Mental is also moving slowing because which the upper crust of the earth is divided into large plates. Wherever these plates move away the crust rents forming creeks and oceans. At places, due to pressure exerted from the surrounding plates, the crust wrinkles and these wrinkles of the crust of the earth are known as chains of hills and mountains.The earth is composed of with three parts of water and one part of land. Scientists are of the view that from a tiny unicellular organism to the largest animals found on the earth and the every human being that is a collection of various types of twelve billion cells; all start their life in water. Every creature whether it lives on land or in water has sodium, potassium and calcium in the same ratio, which is there in the seawater.Besides salts, creatures of animal and vegetable kingdom, oceans have valuable minerals and chemical ingredients. In one cubic mile of seawater contains 12,83,00,000 tons of common salt, 1,80,00,000 tons of magnesium chloride, 78,00,000 tons of magnesium sulfate, 69,00,000 tons of calcium sulfate and 3,60,000 tons of magnesium bromide besides iodine, iron, copper, silver and gold.Normally the seawater is brine but there are shores that have streams of sweat water. Springs of sweat water flow in the ocean bed. The sweat water is lighter than the brine seawater. Bubbles are seen at the surface of the sea wherever there is a spring of sweat water gushing in the ocean bed. Quantity of salt in the seawater is more than other chemical ingredients. Where the risers fall in the sea, the salt content is slightly less than those areas where the sweat water’ is not mixing in it or the rate of vaporization is very high for one or the other reason.Heat of the sun helps in transforming the wider of sea, rivers and lakes into vapors to become clouds. The air transports these clouds from one place to another and causes them to rain in the mountains, hills and plains. Various gases present in the atmosphere and different elements from the hills and mountains are added into this, rainwater, which produces moisture in the earth that is the most important factor in a biological process.When the temperature of air saturated with water vapors drops for any reason, the vapors become close to one another and after forming a droplet of water start falling on the earth as rain. Every droplet present in a cloud has either a positive or a negative charge on it. When these charged particles collide with one another, most of the positive charge accumulates on the upper side of the cloud and the negative charge gathers in the lower side of the cloud. Potential of these charges reaches millions of volts. When the negative charge of a cloud is attracted by the positive charge of another cloud or of the things on the earth a spark is ignited. This spark heats up the air of its surrounding causing it to reach about 33,000o Centigrade. This hot air expands with a great velocity and collides with the cold air around it. This produces the thunderous sound that we hear few moments after the flash it is seen on the sky. The flash and thunder are produced of the same time but sound waves have much lesser velocity than the light waves therefore the thunder is heard after some time of seeing the flash.It has estimated by the meteorologists that about one hundred sparks are produced the world over in every one second and each spark contains that much electrical energy that can suffice to meet the needs of a whole city of a small size. Because of the energy and heat released during a lightening spark the water vapors chemically interact with other gases like oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen present in the atmosphere, producing chemical compound generally known as ammonium nitrate: a fertilizer. When this fertilizer after mixing in the rainwater absorbs in the soil, it helps in increasing growth of plants and vegetables. The quantity of fertilizer thus produced from one lightening spark exceeds thousands and millions of tons.It has been estimated that one hundred thousand cubic kilometer of water is supplied to the continents of the world in the form of rain. This is only one percent of the total water available on the surface of the earth and one-thousandth fraction of the water found underground. Rainwater taking the form of brooks, streams, ravines and rivers flows down to the oceans and seas. Four parts of the rainwater evaporate or drain out into oceans and only one part absorbs in the soil. The rocks in the earth are porous and this water seeps through the soil and these porous rocks.When impermeable solid rock comes in the way this water stops seeping any longer and the pores of the soil and rocks are filled with water.Underground reserves of water shift from one place to another at a speed of many thousand kilometers per annum. Water remains preserved in the lower layer of the earth for thousands of years. The upper surface of the underground water, generally known as water table, keeps on rising or falling with the seasons. Earth absorbs less water in a dry season and in rainy season the pores and cracks of the underground rocks are filled with water. Where the water table rises that the surface of the earth it starts flowing in the form of a spring. Wherever the need is felt, a well is dug to benefit from the underground reserves of water.“O ye people! Adore your Guardian Lord. Who created you and those who came before you, that ye may have the chance to learn righteousness; Who has made the earth your couch and the heavens your canopy and sent down rain from the heavens and brought forth therewith fruits for your sustenance; then set not up rivals unto God when ye know.”     (S: 2, V: 21-22)“It is He who has made for you the earth spread out like carpet and has made for you roads and channels therein, in order that ye may find guidance from it. It is He that sends down rain from the sky in due measures; and We raise to life therewith a land that is dead; even so will ye be raised out of the earth.”     (S: 34, V: 10-11)“He created the heavens and the earth in true proportions, He makes the Night overlap the day, and the day overlap the night; He has subjected the sun and the moon to His laws, each one follows a course for a time appointed. Is not He the Exalted in Power; He Who Forgives again and again?”     (S: 39, V: 5)“It is He Who sendeth the winds like heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy; when they carried the heavy laden clouds. We drive them to a land that is dead, make rain to descend thereon, and produce every kind of harvest therewith; thus shall We raise up the dead; perchance ye may remember.From the land that is clean and good by the Will of its Cherisher, springs up produce in abundance, but from the land that is bad, springs up nothing but that which is niggardly, thus do We explain the Signs by various symbols to those who are grateful.”     (S: 7, V: 57-58)“It is God Who sends the winds and they raise the clouds, then does He spread them in the sky as He Wills, and break them into fragments, until thou seest raindrops issued from the midst thereof: then when He has made them reach such of His servants as He Wills, behold, they do rejoice! Even though, before they recieved the rain, just before this they were dumb with despair! Then contemplate O man! The memorials of God’s Mercy! How He gives life to the earth after its death: verily the same will give life to the men who are dead; for He has Power over all things. And if We but send a wind from which they see their tilth turn yellow, behold, they become, thereafter, ungrateful unbelievers.”     (S: 30, V: 48-51)Deliberations upon the above quoted holy verses of the Quran leads us to conclude that life depends upon the water. God Himself has stated that He sends down the water from the sky and it produces fruits and sustenance thereof and that life runs through the dead land when the rain showers upon it. Dry earth appears to be barren and lifeless but there exist thousands of types of creatures in it that cannot be seen upon the earth. It is said that one gram of soil contains billions of germ like organisms. When it doesn’t rain for a long time, these organisms become dormant. And upon raining, these billons of microorganisms become live and active this process of growth of after the rain causes thousand of living things like insects, plant and vegetables after rain colony upon colony of these creatures starts pulsating with life. In short water is inevitable for life and the importance of water in the creative process cannot be denied. When the system of reproduction in the creatures is taken into consideration, one eventuaIly concludes that the whole reproductive system is based upon water.When water is mentioned, according to spiritual point or view, we refer to its two sides: one, the Water and the other is its structural formation.Existence of water depends upon the structural formation and its properties just as entire life of a person is founded upon the system of information transmitted to his Conscious from the Unconscious, the two agencies operating in man.Expansion of water, its condensation and shrinking, flowing of underground water, springs, waterfalls, streams and brooks, rivers, oceans and the water showering from the sky actively partaking in various activities of life are all based upon its inner existence, which is the Unconscious of water.Holy Prophet (PBUH) knows the secrets of the Administrative system of God, enjoys the sublime status of the vicegerent of God on earth, is the authority on the creative formulae and has all the powers to subject all the other creature on his disposal. When he desired that the quantity of water be increased or that the water should start gushing in a well, he influenced the inner (Unconscious) of the water. Under the influence exercised by him the ability of water to expand and flow was activated. The dry well was filled with water and when the same influence was exercised upon the water skin, according to Elohistic Laws, so many people quenched their thirst and the water skin did not lost its level of water.”Don’t you realize that all that exists in the heavens and on the earth have subjugated for thee and completed for you all His Blessings hidden or the manifest?”     (Quran)

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